Parenting Lesson 17- Daily care of your child (Part I)

Topics covered in this lesson-

  1. What to use for Baby Bath – Soap or Mild Liquid Soap?

  2. How to keep my baby away from infection and germs?

  3. How to cut nails and hair of my baby?

  4. How to get rid of lices in your child?

  5. Children and Secondhand Smoke


What to use for Baby Bath – Soap or Mild Liquid Soap?

Today’s mums have one thing more than what our mums had – an abundance of choices when it comes to baby products

One common question that comes up during bath time is soap vs. body wash. Both seem to be the baby versions of bar soap and shower gels/body washes, which boils down to preference for adults.

Soaps have been there since our childhood. Many of us have only known taking a bath with soap! In addition, every Indian mum grew up to the familiar sight of the fragrant soap for baths and the strong antiseptic soap for washing hands.

So, it is natural that some mums feel comfortable using soap both for themselves and for their babies. After all, were they not bathed as babies this way too?


A few others have a different stand. The thought of soap being exposed to air and therefore, bacteria, has some mums looking for alternatives. Well, this assumption is absolutely incorrect. But first, how do you select a proper baby bath product?

Before we get into the soap vs baby wash debate, let’s look at the criteria. Here are a few things to keep in mind, mums:


1. pH: Most of soaps, even baby soaps, are a bit alkaline, having high pH level Baby’s skin, however, is slightly acidic. When washed repeatedly with soap, the skin may end up getting damaged.

2. Fragrance: Fragrance are sometimes added to mask the smell of the already present chemical components of the soap. In this case, less is definitely more.

3. Moisturizing: Soaps were invented for the very simple purpose of washing away dirt so it needs to be effective more than strong. Look for something that will be gentle on the skin. At the end of the bath and with continued use, your baby’s skin should not be dry.


So, back to the question…

Baby soap vs. baby wash: is one really better than the other? The answer is, as long as they meet the above-mentioned criteria, they’re pretty much on equal footing. It’s really more about the context you’ll be using them in.


Soaps have the advantage of familiarity, plus you won’t confuse it with the shampoo bottle. This is great for mums with babies who are active in the bath or are in a hurry as you can hold the soap in one hand and clean your child with the other. Soap also comes in handy (not to mention, fun!) when you are teaching the child to bathe or about bathing in general.


Mums with newborns or babies with sensitive skin will be thrilled to learn about Baby Dove’s Sensitive Moisture Bar. The bar has been specifically developed for babies with sensitive skin. It is milder and more moisturizing than other baby soaps, with a fragrance developed specially for babies with sensitive skin.


How to keep my baby away from infection and germs?

One of the best ways to avoid infections is to be prepared, especially if your baby is at high risk. Talk to your doctor about this as This will help you prepare and know what to expect. There are things you can do to help protect your baby against the common infectious illnesses we talk about in this information:


1. Wash your hands thoroughly

Washing your hands often is really important in the fight against infections. Here is how you should wash your hands to best reduce this risk. When other people come into contact with your baby, ask them to wash their hands like this. Don’t worry about asking people to do this – those close to you will want to help to protect your baby too.

2. Use disposable tissues

Throwing away tissues helps to reduce the risk of infections on surfaces. Use a new tissue each time you need to wipe your baby’s nose or eyes, and do not use the same tissue on different parts of their face, to avoid infection spreading. Make sure those around your baby also catch their own sneezes and coughs in disposable tissues, and then throw them away.

3. Keep your baby’s environment clean

Clean toys, highchairs and worktops regularly, as germs can live for up to 48-hours on surfaces. Make sure any antibacterial cleaners are safe to use around children, and keep them far out of reach.

4. Avoid people who are unwell

It is not possible to prevent your baby from coming into contact with all infections. However, if your baby is at a higher risk, you should try to avoid contact with other adults and children with cold-like symptoms (such as a runny nose, sneezing or feeling generally unwell), or who have had a stomach upset. It might feel difficult sometimes, but asking someone to stay away from your baby if they are unwell isn’t being rude. You are helping to protect your baby’s health, and people will understand this.


How to cut nails and hair of my baby?

Having everything prepared is essential to a successful baby haircut. As we all know, forgetting something upstairs is a big deal when you have a baby; most just aren’t going to patiently await you finding something,


so Step 1 please keep below things with you

  1. a towel

  2. some sort of cape or cloth covering

  3. salon-style scissors (or those used to cut baby nails will also work well)

  4. a comb

  5. a spray bottle

  6. a high chair or another seat that contains your baby

  7. a small bag or envelope will also come in handy if you want to save a lock of hair for the baby book

  8. You will also want your baby’s favorite toys to distract them, a pacifier, and maybe even a distracting video set up (you know the one — cue “Baby Shark”).

  9. Now you’re ready to be as successful as possible for baby’s first haircut.


Step 2: Choose a time of day when baby is happy

This is not the time to fit one more thing in before nap time, or to do a “quick haircut” before lunch.

Your baby should be fed, changed, well rested, and ready to do something fun. This will minimize movement due to crying and fussiness from other causes.

Step 3: Make it a BIG, fun deal

Babies respond to your social cues, so if you’re happy, they’re more likely to be happy. You can sing songs, explain in an extremely cheerful voice what’s happening, and show baby the fun tools (minus the scissors) by letting them hold them and explain what you’ll be doing.


For decades, baby hairdressers have been entertaining little ones with a second comb, as it makes a fun sound when you scratch it. Hand that to your baby, and you’ll gain yourself a few minutes of uninterrupted focus. You can also give the baby their favorite special snack in their high chair while you cut their hair. Hold your baby's palm and finger steady with one hand and cut with the other.


How to cut nails

Wait for your baby to sleep!

You should cut your baby's nails with baby nail scissors, which have rounded tips for safety, or baby clippers. Many baby nail-care kits also come with nail files or emery boards, but if you cut your baby's nails short enough and make sure to keep the nail edges rounded instead of jagged, you may not need to use these.

If you accidentally draw blood , don't worry. Using a sterile gauze pad, gently apply pressure to stop the bleeding. But don't put a bandage around the tiny cut — babies love to put their fingers in their mouths and can dislodge the bandage and choke on it.

How to get rid of lices in your child?

Head lice are a common problem that usually affects school-aged children and their families. They can attach to the hair of anyone's head. It doesn't matter if the hair is clean or dirty. Head lice are also found worldwide in all different places, such as in homes or schools or the country or city. And it doesn't matter how clean, dirty, rich, or poor the place or person is.

Though head lice may be a nuisance, they don't cause serious illness or carry any diseases. Head lice can be treated at home, but it's important to check with the doctor first.

Here is how you use the comb-out method:

• Step 1: Wet your child's hair.

• Step 2: Use a fine-tooth comb and comb through your child's hair in small sections.

• Step 3: After each comb-through, wipe the comb on a wet paper towel. Examine the scalp, comb, and paper towel carefully.

• Step 4: Repeat steps 2 and 3 until you've combed through all of your child's hair.


How do you treat head lice?

Check with your child's doctor before beginning any head lice treatment. The most effective way to treat head lice is with head lice medicine. After each treatment, using the comb-out method every 2 to 3 days for 2 to 3 weeks may help remove the nits and eggs.


Head lice medicine should be used only when it is certain that your child has living head lice. Remember, check with your child's doctor before starting any head lice medicine. Also, when head lice medicines are used, it is important to use them safely.


Children and Secondhand Smoke

Secondhand Smoke and Your Children's Health

Infants have a higher risk of SIDS if they are exposed to secondhand smoke. Children have a higher risk of serious health problems, or problems may become worse. Children who breathe secondhand smoke can have more:

• Ear infections

• Coughs and colds

• Respiratory problems, such as bronchitis and pneumonia

• Tooth decay

Children of smokers cough and wheeze more and have a harder time getting over colds. They miss many more school days too. Secondhand smoke can cause other symptoms including stuffy nose, headache, sore throat, eye irritation, and hoarseness.

Children with asthma are especially sensitive to secondhand smoke. It may cause more asthma attacks and the attacks may be more severe, requiring trips to the hospital.

Long-Term Effects of Secondhand Smoke

Children who grow up with parents who smoke are themselves more likely to smoke. Children and teens who smoke are affected by the same health problems that affect adults. Secondhand smoke may cause problems for children later in life including:

Poor lung development (meaning that their lungs never grow to their full potential)

• Lung cancer

• Heart disease

• Cataracts (an eye disease)


Secondhand Smoke is Everywhere

Children can be exposed to secondhand smoke in many places. Even if there are no smokers in your home, your children can still be exposed to secondhand smoke. Places include:

  1. In a car or on a bus

  2. At child care or school

  3. At a babysitter's house

  4. At a friend's or relative's house

  5. In a restaurant

  6. At the mall

  7. At sporting events or concerts

  8. In parks or playgrounds

Creating a Smoke-Free Environment

The following tips may help keep your children from being exposed to secondhand smoke:

Set the example. If you smoke, quit today! If your children see you smoking, they may want to try it, and they may grow up smoking as well. If there are cigarettes at home, children are more likely to experiment with smoking—the first step in becoming addicted.


Remove your children from places where smoking is allowed, even if no one is smoking while you are there. Chemicals from smoke can be found on surfaces in rooms days after the smoking occurred.


Make your home smoke free. Until you can quit, don't smoke inside your home and don't smoke anywhere near your children, even if you are outside. Don't put out any ashtrays. Remember, air flows throughout a house, so smoking in even one room allows smoke to go everywhere.


Make your car smoke free. Until you can quit, don't smoke inside your car. Opening windows isn't enough to clear the air and can actually blow smoke back into the faces of passengers in the back seat.


Choose a babysitter who doesn't smoke. Even if the babysitter smokes outside, your children are exposed. Consider changing babysitters to find a smoke-free environment for your children.


How to Protect Baby from Mosquito Bites?

When bugs bug you, you can swat, spray, or move away from them to save your skin. But your baby needs your help to keep stings and bites at bay.


Babies Under 2 Months

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is clear: Bug repellents -- even the DEET-free ones -- are not safe for newborns.

Since you can't use lotions and sprays on the very small, the best way to keep your baby from becoming a bug buffet is by avoiding bugs in the first place.


Stay in. Bugs, especially mosquitoes, are most active at dawn and dusk. Keep your baby indoors during those hours to lower his bite risk.

Defend your house. Make sure your windows and doors have screens to keep bugs from flying or crawling inside.

Cover with clothes. Dress your baby so bugs don't have any access to skin.

  1. Loose-fitting long sleeves and pants

  2. Socks

  3. A hat

  4. Skip the bright, flowery prints. Bugs are attracted to those.

Protect with a net. Use a fitted mesh net over carriers and strollers when you take your baby outdoors.

Drain standing water. Look around your house for soggy sites, like:

  1. Planters

  2. Birdbaths

  3. Wading pools

  4. Drill holes in tire swings to keep water from collecting. Change your pets' water bowls regularly.

Skip the scents. Many bugs love the smell of perfumes, hairsprays, and scented soaps. Use fragrance-free products on your baby (and yourself when you're with your baby) so you're less attractive to insects.

Avoid bug hangouts. Flower gardens, garbage cans, piles of dead leaves, and bushes are all popular places for bug parties, so steer clear.

As for bug zappers (electric machines with blue light), don't bother. They don't work and may even invite more insects over.


Babies Over 2 Months

Once your baby is a little older, you can add repellent sprays and lotions to your bug-fighting kit.

insect repellent is probably the best way to protect your baby from mosquito bites -- as long as you use it correctly.

Repellents also protect from other biting bugs like ticks, fleas, chiggers, and biting flies. But they don't work for stinging bugs, like wasps, bees, and hornets.



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